ECHELON
Ascension Island
-7 58' 5.11", -14 24' 13.53"
NASA Deep Space Station
Ascension Island

An integrated Apollo and deep-space station (DSS 72) was constructed from 1965 to 1966 on the British island of Ascension, in the Atlantic Ocean, approximately 2,250 kilometers (1,400 miles) east of South America, 1,600 miles west of Africa, and about 4,000 miles down the Air Force Eastern Test Range (ETR).

The original purpose of constructing this station was to support the early Surveyor missions, whose Atlas-Centaur launch vehicles would produce a direct-ascent trajectory to the Moon, rather than insertion from a parking orbit. Translunar injection would therefore occur before the spacecraft was visible to either the Johannesburg station or the stations in Spain. Consequently, a station nearer to the launch site than these facilities was needed to obtain during this phase positional data vital to trajectory determination and midcourse corrections.

Because such a station could also support later deep-space missions and Apollo manned missions, NASA decided to build an integrated facility (with a joint-control building) serving both programs. A site survey conducted by Goddard Space Flight Center personnel in April 1964 on Ascension Island, where an ETR station was already established, identified a suitable site at Devil's Ashpit, on the eastern side of the island. Volcanic peaks surrounding the site provided natural shielding against radar and other radio-frequency interference from the ETR station and a British broadcasting facility elsewhere on the 88-square- kilometer (34-square-mile) island.

Deep space and Apollo missions were separately monitored by two 9-meter, az-el-mounted antennas with high angular-tracking rates. The deep-space antenna (on the right in the photo) had a nominal communications range of 60,300 kilometers (37,500 miles). This station was funded by the U.S. State Department.

SOURCE: NASA Deep Space

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Credit: Harri2000
Old NASA Station near NE Bay
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European Space Agency track Arianne trajectory from here. - scuff
Google Earth Antenna TourB
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BBC Atlantic Relay Station
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BBC Atlantic Relay Station, Ascension Island

BBC Atlantic Relay Station, Ascension Island
By 6006le

Originally engineered and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation's External Services Department as its South Atlantic Relay Station, this shortwave broadcasting station opened on February 5, 1966: http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/43046000/jpg/_43046763_ascension203_mod2.jpg The station was vital in serving both the United Kingdom's liberation forces and the population of the Falkland Islands in 1982. Currently operated and maintained by VT Communications under contract to the BBC, the site radiates English (World Service) and vernacular programmes using high-power frequency-agile transmitters in conjunction with high-gain 'curtain array' antennas, the supporting towers for which can be seen adjacent to the main transmitter building. Transmitter hall ca. 1993: 
BBC Atlantic Relay Station, Ascension Island
 

Very Large Transmition Antenna Tower
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Very Large Transmition Antenna Towers
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..BBC Atlantic Relay Station, Ascension Island
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BBC Atlantic Relay Station, Ascension Island
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..Tx Main Sender Hall, S301-4, Feb 93
Royal Air Force Station Ascension
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Wideawake Airfield

Royal Air Force Station Ascension, more commonly known as RAF Ascension Island, and sometimes known as Ascension Island Base, is a British military airbase on Ascension Island in the Atlantic Ocean, near the Equator.

The first aircraft to land on Ascension Island was a Fairey Swordfish from HMS Archer in 1942. In 1943 the United States Army Air Force set up Wideawake Airfield, by arrangement with the British government. The airfield was abandoned at the end of the war, and fell into disuse. The Americans returned in 1956, and reopened the airfield in 1957. The runway was lengthened and widened in the mid 1960s to allow for larger aircraft. USAF then, and later NASA established missile tracking facilities based at Cat Hill. Although NASA usage ended in 1967, USAF continues its usage with several hundred personnel, mostly contractors.

RAF Ascension Island was re-garrissoned by the RAF in 1982 and used extensively as a staging base during the Falklands War. Operation Black Buck, the long range bombing raids, were carried out from there. The base continues this stating post role for the Falkland Islands, for both the RAF and the United States Air Force.

SOURCE: Wikipedia RAF_Ascension_Island

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Credit: Harri2000
Ascention Island Approach
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RAF Radar Instalation
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.. Pumping Station and Desalination Plant
Photograph by TJ Hook
Wideawake Airfield 
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American Radar Station on Hill near Airfield
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Credit: Idaho National Laboratory
American Radar Station on Hill behind Airfield view from wind farm
Ascension Island Wind Turbines, 2004, Looking Towards WT #6, a 900 KW Machine
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Antennas and Windmills south of Wideawake Airfield
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Circular Antenna Array south of Wideawake Airfield
Ascension Auxillary Air Field
"Cat Hill"
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Ascension Auxillary Air Field
By Manchester_jm

This is a US Air Force Station that is used primarily for tracking space vehicles launched out of Cape Canaveral AFS in Florida. There is also a GPS Satellite tracking station located here.

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Ascension Island
By Scott_Drzyzga

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite based system that provides users with precise measurements of time, position, and velocity anywhere on or near the surface of the Earth. GPS and other location-aware technologies (e.g., Google Earth) are quickly altering the way we navigate, communicate, survey and map, practice large-scale agriculture, transport raw materials and finished goods, and even the way we play. This post attempts to document, in a visual way, the geography and scale required to make this technology possible.

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Credit: Stecco
US Airforce Welcome Sign
Credit:TJ Hook
Flags at Cat Hill 
Ascension Island Wind Farm
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Giant Windmills on Ascension Island Wind Farm
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Credit: Idaho National Laboratory
Ascension Island Wind Turbines, 2004
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Credit: Idaho National Laboratory
Ascension Island Wind Turbines, 2004, Kurt Myers Standing in WT #5 Nacelle
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Georgetown (Saint Helena) Fuel Station
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Credit: Harri50n
Ascension Island Cannons
Ascension Island Bomb Test Site?
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"One Boat Golf Club"
Those marks are man made and the only danger around there is from the golf balls.
That is the area of the island known as "One Boat Golf Club". They don't have 'greens' as such on the course.
Due to the surface being pretty dry and volcanic, they create 'greens' by pouring diesel fuel into the ground.
They are known as "browns" rather than greens. Hey, you've got to get your entertainment somehow on Ascension and this is what golfers do when they have no grass. - gegrazer
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Ascension Island Golf Course
Known as One Boat Golf Club, built on volcanic rock, the greens are a sand diesel mix with sand around to form a fringe. Fairways are ash and stone and donkeys wander free. There are medal, competition smost weekends and has a thriving membership. A most charismatic and friendly Golf Club with a mix of local (St Helenian), British and US nationals. This is due to the UK/US military and scientific presence on the island.

The clubhouse commands views of Sisters Peak, the most recent volcanic eruption on Ascension (600 years ish ago the darker rock bordering the course to the NE is the edge of the lava field and the face is about 30-40 metres high) and Green Mountain. The 13th hole runs along the edge of the lava field. - By scuff

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Ascension Island Golf Course
Ascension Island "Moon Base One" ??
-7 54' 23.77", -14 24' 9.06"
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No Data Yet
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Ascension Antenna Array
-7 55' 5.36", -14 23' 27.43"
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No Data Yet
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No Data Yet
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No Data Yet
Donkey Plain Satellite Station
-7 56' 58.89", -14 22' 41.37"
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Donkey Plain Satellite Station
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Credit:  fparry
Donkey Plain Satellite Station (1982)
Ascension Island Strange Arrays
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No Data Yet
-7 55' 54.76", -14 22' 55.39"
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No Data Yet
-7 56' 15.73", -14 22' 30.55"
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No Data Yet
-7 56' 15.73", -14 22' 30.55"
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No Data Yet
-7 55' 56.94", -14 21' 25.98"
Ascension Island Assorted Unidentified Antennas Etc,
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No Data Yet
-7 57' 15.76", -14 23' 7.62"
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No Data Yet
-7 57' 6.05", -14 23' 3.56"
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No Data Yet
-7 57' 30.80", -14 23' 46.74"
 
ASCENSION ISLAND DURING THE 1982 FALKLANDS WAR
http://www.naval-history.net/FpxAAscension2.htm

http://www.gare.co.uk/ascension/ascension-1.htm


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