Jindalee Operational Radar Network
Longreach, Queensland, Australia
-23° 39' 29.53", +144° 8' 49.58"
Communications '92: Communications Technology, Services and Systems; Getting It All Together
Network Communications and the Operational Concept
Abstract: The operational concept of the Jindalee over-the-horizon operational radar network (JORN) is the centralised control and co-ordination of remote sensors. The radar sites are in Laverton, WA and Longreach, Queensland, while the co-ordination centre is situated in Adelaide, South Australia. An extensive communications network is needed to control the radars and their associated frequency management systems, transfer partly processed data for final analysis at the co-ordination centre, and pass track information to the command support systems of the Australian Defence Force and other users. The principle of operation, configuration and concept of the Jindalee project are briefly outlined to provide the context of the communications requirement. The communications infrastructure to support this operational concept is then described together with the main factors which have influenced the design of JORN communications.
The following are some notes from an 'insider', and are added as a source of info to follow up on, as we did to present the JORN information.
Jindalee Operational Radar Network
RayTec Consulting has since its
inception offered sub-contract
services on the JORN project across a broad spectrum
of Systems Engineering
disciplines from Requirements Analysis and Design,
Verification and Validation
Examples of our Defence customers and relevant projects are:
Electronic Warfare & Radar Division
Electronic Warfare & Radar Division provides scientific leadership and support to the Australian Defence Organisation on the exploitation of the electromagnetic spectrum to enhance the performance of our own sensors, weapons, platforms and command systems, together with the ability to destroy the effectiveness of adversarial systems.
Weapons Systems Division
Weapons Systems Division provides scientific leadership and support covering all aspects of weapon systems - including sensors, guidance, propulsion and warheads, and their integration into combat platforms and command and control systems.
Command, Control, Communications & Intelligence Division
Command, Control, Communications & Intelligence Division provides scientific leadership and support for Defence command, intelligence, communications, and business processes, at both the operational and theatre levels of command. Support to the Australian Defence Organisation includes Information Operations with special capabilities in Information Security and Digital Forensics; Communications with special capabilities in Satellite Communications, Mobile Networks and Network Management; Intelligence Processing and Analysis with special capabilities in signals analysis, communications analysis, automated fact extraction, and speech processing. The Division has organised its work program to have a strong emphasis on support achieving the goals as outlined in the Network Centric Warfare roadmap.
Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance Division
Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance Division provides scientific leadership and support for strategic intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance systems, with a focus on the needs of the intelligence community.
Land Operations Division
Land Operations Division provides scientific leadership and support to the Land Force through structured and analytical approaches to capability development.
Jindalee Radar Profiled
January 9, 2006
Australia’s Jindalee radar system, capable of “seeing” over the horizon, was recently profiled in The Australian. While standard radar sends a signal along line of sight until it bounces off its target (and therefore cannot “see” beyond the horizon), Jindalee bounces signals off the ionosphere, which lies above the stratosphere and extends about 1,000 kilometers above the surface of the Earth. The signal then bounces down onto its target, allowing Jindalee to detect threats over the horizon. In this manner, Jindalee, officially known as the Jindalee Operational Radar Network (JORN), will significantly increase the time during which the U.S. and its allies can intercept incoming ballistic missiles. The Australian notes that Jindalee will be part of a larger electronic network, including spy satellites and Aegis destroyers, able to pick up the launch of a missile and determine its course and destination. Australia plans to buy three air warfare destroyers, to be equipped with the Aegis BMD system.
In July 2004, the United States and Australia signed a memorandum of understanding pledging cooperation on missile defense for the next twenty five years. (Article, Link)
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