Pegasus Document Releases 001 to 005
Pegasus Document Release #001

Propulsion Research on the Variable Isp Tandem Mirror Plasma Rocket

Seeing as ATS has begun releasing Sgt Clifford Stone's collection of FOIA documents... it seems like a perfect time to toss some of the ones collected by associates of Pegasus Research Consortium while researching the various topics John Lear, myself and others cover in the various threads...

I have over a thousand collected already. These are all publicly available from various government organizations.  I am going to store the files on my server (well until I see problems with bandwidth :P) 

The reason for this is that several times in the past I have linked people directly to a pertinent document only to have it pulled, most likely due to the number of hits they received to a paper that would have normally remained obscure.

The papers I will start with are ones discovered while working in this thread originaly started by spikedmilk...
The Rainbow Conspiracy - what is this picture?

This paper deals with an offshoot technology of the Tandem Mirror Fusion Project from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory... (see the thread for the background work)

Found by: NJ Mooch
Title: Propulsion Research on the Variable Isp Tandem Mirror Plasma Rocket
Date of Report: Feb 7, 1994
Source: MIT

Abstract:

This report describes the progress made in the past two years as well as the overall picture of this research. In the past years Several milestones have been achieved towards the realization of a practical space plasma thruster from the tandem mirror rocket experiment, i.e- the specific impulse, thrust, energy conversion efficiency, and mass flow-rate have been determined. The experiment operates at 9.4 kW of input power at an rf-to-plasma efficiency of 68%; The ion temperature is 172 eV ( 2,000,000 K ) which gives an I., of 12,852 s. The thrust is 76 mN (milli Newton) which is a high value for a low input power (9.4 kW) and very high I., ( 12,852 s ). The radiation loss was found to be very low. Most important, these results fall within our prediction.

A key advantage of this propulsion system is its high energy density that can be contained in the plasma. A flight system design and analysis has shown that the present experimental device can handle a power level in excess of 10 MW, resulting in specific weights as low as 0.04 kg/kW. The overall specific weight of a space vehicle for a piloted Mars mission, including nuclear power and power conditioning equipment, is only 8 kg/kW. This is a conservative
value which can be further reduced to 6 kg/kW.

A\ 150 day trip to Mars ( 180 day round trip including 90 days stay over ) can be achieved with only 10 MW\ of power. The trip time has been optimized by varying the I., and thrust to meet a required returned mass of 57.000 kg. In that study an efficiency of only 50% was assumed. Except for nuclear power, the technology involved is state-of-the-art with very minimal engineering scaling. In addition, substantial advancements in high temperature superconductors, solid state transmitters and power conditioning equipment are expected. Such development makes this device a most competitive electric propulsion approach when it is fully developed. The concept can be demonstrated near-term as gauged on our rapid. limited resource progress.

DTIC - PDF FILE 88 pages

Pegasus Document Release #002

SOAR: Space Orbiting Advanced Fusion Power Reactor

Some of the related documents are not available in public domain...

Fusion Technology Institute
University of Wisconsin, Madison

January 1987....

University of Wisconsin PDF FILE
 
 

http://fti.neep.wisc.edu/lib/studies/img/soar.jpg

More papers...

UWFDM-753    Critical Issues for SOAR: The Space Orbiting Advanced Fusion Power Reactor; J.F. Santarius, G.L. Kulcinski, L.A. El-Guebaly, G.A. Emmert, H. Khater, Z. Musicki, M.E. Sawan, I.N. Sviatoslavsky, W.F. Vogelsang, P.L. Walstrom, L.J. Wittenberg, January 1988 (revised August 1988) [Presented at Fifth Symposium on Space Nuclear Power Systems, Albuquerque, NM, 11-14 January 1988; Space Nuclear Power Systems 1988 (Orbit, Malabar FL, 1989) 161]. (24 pages, 2.2 MB)

UWFDM-722    SOAR: Space Orbiting Advanced Fusion Power Reactor; G.L. Kulcinski, J.F. Santarius, H.M. Attaya, M.L. Corradini, L.A. El-Guebaly, G.A. Emmert, J.W. Johnson, T.E. Luzzi, C.W. Maynard, M.E. Sawan, I.N. Sviatoslavsky, W.F. Vogelsang, P.L. Walstrom, L.J. Wittenberg, September 1987. (57 pages, 4.0 MB)

UWFDM-717    SOAR: Space Orbiting Advanced Fusion Power Reactor; J.F. Santarius, G.L. Kulcinski, H. Attaya, M.L. Corradini, L.A. El-Guebaly, G.A. Emmert, J.W. Johnson, C.W. Maynard, M.E. Sawan, I.N. Sviatoslavsky, W.F. Vogelsang, P.L. Walstrom, L.J. Wittenberg, and T.E. Luzzi, January 1987 [Presented at 4th Symposium on Space Nuclear Power Systems, Albuquerque, NM, 12-16 January 1987; Space Nuclear Power Systems 1987 (Orbit, Malabar FL, 1988) 167]. (40 pages, 1.6 MB)

UWFDM-635    SOAR - Space Orbiting Advanced Fusion Reactor; Fusion Reactor Design Group, March 1985 
[NOT FOR GENERAL RELEASE]

Source File


SOAR: Space Orbiting Advanced Fusion Power Reactor. Final report, October 1986-January 1987

Energy Citations Database

Country of Publication United States
Language English
Format Pages: 57
Availability NTIS, PC A04/MF A01.
System Entry Date 2001 May 13

Abstract

The preconceptual design of a Space Orbiting Advanced Fusion Power Reactor (SOAR), which delivers up to 1000 MWe for at least 600 s from an orbited mass of about 500 tonnes, [b]was accomplished.^The power is produced by a magnetically confined D-3He plasma.[/b]^Approximately 96% of the fusion energy is in charged particles, and a direct converter has been designed which converts much of this energy into electricity at high net efficiency (about 80%).^An advanced shield design allows SOAR to deliver approximately 2 kilowatts of electricity for every kilogram of material orbited.^The shield is designed to absorb all rejected heat during operation, and no active radiator is required.^The SOAR reactor concept is designed to allow rapid startup and shutdown procedures.^The lack of radioactivity on launch and the low radioactive inventory after operation make the SOAR concept attractive from maintenance, safety and environmental perspectives.^The plasma physics approach extrapolates from the present plasma physics and fusion technology knowledge base using concepts which can be tested on existing or near-term devices.^The symbiosis of burst mode requirements, D-3He tandem mirror fusion reactor characteristics, and the space environment leads to a very high performance design concept.

Subject 220800 -- Nuclear Reactor Technology-- Propulsion Reactors ;700200 -- Fusion Energy-- Fusion Power Plant Technology; SPACE PROPULSION REACTORS-- FEASIBILITY STUDIES;SPACECRAFT POWER SUPPLIES;TMR REACTORS-- SPACECRAFT POWER SUPPLIES; CHARGED PARTICLES;DEUTERIUM;EFFICIENCY;HELIUM;HELIUM 3;LAUNCHING;MAGNETIC MIRRORS;PROGRESS REPORT;PROTONS;RADIOACTIVITY

Related Subject BARYONS;DOCUMENT TYPES;ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT;ELEMENTARY PARTICLES;ELEMENTS;EQUIPMENT;EVEN-ODD NUCLEI;FERMIONS;FLUIDS;GASES;HADRONS;HELIUM ISOTOPES;HYDROGEN ISOTOPES;ISOTOPES;LIGHT NUCLEI;MAGNETIC MIRROR TYPE REACTORS;MOBILE REACTORS;NONMETALS;NUCLEI;NUCLEONS;ODD-ODD NUCLEI;OPEN PLASMA DEVICES;POWER REACTORS;POWER SUPPLIES;PROPULSION REACTORS;RARE GASES;REACTORS;SPACE POWER REACTORS;STABLE ISOTOPES;THERMONUCLEAR DEVICES;THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS

DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Originally posted by NJ Mooch Post ID 3713222

I hope this gives you the idea of what the research that this thread mentions turned into once it was figured out. I also will say that they have made this reactor very small and very efficient. They mention a trip to Mars, that includes plenty of time on the surface, and a craft using one of these reactors in one of these links.[/quote]
 

Originally posted by WorldShadow Post ID 3716871
From nj mooch link wisc.edu there is a MARS (Mirror Advance Research Study) diagram showing how the ying yangs were implemented. Here is the Link

U of W - Mirror Advanced Reactor Study
 

http://fti.neep.wisc.edu/lib/studies/img/mars.jpg

Originally posted by NJ Mooch Post ID 3717258

I still have no clue as to what the latest tech is, but this stuff is really cool if you ask me. I am glad you posted the Mars info since that was one of the items that caught my eye.

Worldshadow, that is a great link to show what this would look like in real life. Thank you for posting that. 

Pegasus Document Release #003

Through the Looking Glass with Phase Conjugation

Fall 1982
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Many times in my searching through hidden documents and talking to various people... the term "Digging a very deep Rabbit Hole" comes up...

When I was looking at the tech that would be involved in 'cloaking' a secret space ship or station, I was shown the secret of the 'Cheshire Cat' then told by the 'Rabbit' that asking about this information would attract the attention of "The Kings Men'  who wouldn't be able to put 'Humpty Dumpty' together again...

I have it from a private source that over the doorway to S4 at Groom Lake there is a 3D figurine of a Rabbit holding a Watch...

At first I thought this amusing... then I realized there was more to it...

In our Stargate threads we were shown a few documents that were very interesting... and led us to  the "Looking Glass"

Join me now as we follow 'Alice' into the 'Rabbit Hole' and step through the 'Looking Glass' at Los Alamos National Laboratory...

I would suggest d/ling this quickly... they already moved the Warp Drive papers

"I don't understand . . .' " said Alice. "It's dreadfully confusing!"
"That's the effect of living backwards," the Queen said kindly: "it always makes one a little giddy at first.. ''
"Living backwards!" Alice repeated in great astonishment. "I never heard of such a thing!"
- Lewis Carroll
 

Abstract:

Imagine a mirror that reflects more light than was incident, that reflects a beam into the same direction regardless of the mirror's tilt, that eliminates image distortions by causing light rays to retrace their paths as if running
backward in time, and that when looked at allows the observer to see absolutely nothing.

Science fiction, you say? Well, such mirrors have been the subject of intense investigation both here at Los Alamos and at other research laboratories around the world. Not only do they exist, but their practical applications may be far-reaching.

Los Alamos National Laboratory PDF FILE

Pegasus Document Release #004

Active Shielding Concepts for the Ionizing Radiation in Space

Much ado has been made by various groups about the radiation hazards Astronauts would face in Space
Well it may not be an issue...
Lets have a look at a NASA contractor report

Contract NASw-502 Final Report Rev. 31 Jan. 1964

Space Sciences Laboratory
Missile and Space Division
GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
Philadelphia, Pa.

Final Report
Contract NASw - 5 0 2
Period Covered: 1 Sept. 1962 - 31 Aug. 1963

Abstract:

Studies have been made on the problems of shielding a spacecraft from
ionizing radiation.Protons having energies between 100 and 1,000 MeV were taken as the radiation that should be excluded from the spacecraft's crew.
[b]An electromagnetic field system using a toroidal shaped spacecraft with a
confined magnetic field is shown to be the lightest among those treated.[/b]

In general, the active shield weight is only 20% that of the passive shield
for high energy protons and for large sizes of spacecraft. The shield with a confined field weighs 30% of that for a shield using an unconfined field. If hatches are included, the use of spherical modules leads to spacecraft that are lighter than spheres, cylinders, or toruses. For spacecraft in the shape of a torus, a passively shielded hatch is not required because there are no junctions between oppositely directed magnetic fields. In that case, a spacecraft in the shape of a torus is lighter than the other shapes.

NASA Technical Reports Server 1964021638.pdf

Revised January 31, 1964

Mr Chechov! Raise Shields....
So THIS is where Gene Roddenberry got his material... Time frame is right on the mark 

Originally posted by welivefortheson Post ID 3730452
"An electromagnetic field system using a toroidal shaped spacecraft with a
confined magnetic field is shown to be the lightest among those treated. "
this caught my eye,a "toroidal"......

http://www.fordham.edu/lewis/fferm/torus.png

.......look familiar!??

"with a confined magnetic field" 

a contained magnetic field is another way of saying,a self generated magnetic field.
what kind of space craft has the ability to generate its own magnetic field?,especially early in the 1960's!

Originally posted by zorgon

That my friend is something I am trying to track down....
But here is another design....  this one was conceived in 1886 by Konstantine Tsiolkovsky 
 

Pegasus Document Release #005

Space Nuclear Power and Man's Extraterrestrial Civilization
Date:
LA-UR--83-449
DEC 1983 007561
Source:
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Also posted at: FAS.org

LANL 00248696 PDF
 

In this post, Fusion Reactor, at ATS  we see the 'business end' of a big fusion reactor... Well I came across another document that has a similar sketch...
 

What are we talking about here?

Nuclear Power in Space...

Here is a list of spacecraft carrying nuclear power...
 

But the main focus of this document is the Nuclear Power plant for the Moon Base.... Here is a sketch from the paper... It is interesting to note that they felt the need to cover the structures with camouflage
 

Originally posted by jra Post ID 3742077

I was also going to make a comment on the "camoflaged" bit there. Actually zorgon, what they felt the need to do was to cover their structures with rigolith to add extra themal and radiation protection. Not to hide them, if you look at the colour version of the painting, you can see clearly that there are dishes on the top, like coolhand pointed out and lights all over the place, not to mention a giant solar panel being constructed. So it's clearly not meant to be camoflage.

I also notice that the image in the .pdf has been edited. There's an added structure to the top left, which isn't in the original painting. I find that a bit odd.
 

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