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  • Anti-Gravity
  • Free Energy
    • Free energy is a term that is misused and can mean a number of things
    • Free energy may refer to:
      • In science:
        • Thermodynamic free energy, the energy in a physical system that can be converted to do work, in particular:
          • Helmholtz free energy, the energy that can be converted into work at a constant temperature and volume
          • Work content, a related concept used in chemistry
          • Gibbs free energy, the energy that can be converted into work at a uniform temperature and pressure throughout a system
        • In pseudoscience: Free energy suppression, a conspiracy theory that advanced energy technologies are being suppressed by special interest groups
  • Gravity Shielding
  • Hyperspace
    • Hyperspace may refer to:
      • in mathematics and general science
        • A Euclidean space of dimension greater than three, see fourth dimension and higher dimensions (the original meaning of the word hyperspace, common in late nineteenth century British books, sometimes used in a paranormal context, but which has become rarer since then)
        • A space with non-Euclidean geometry
        • Minkowski space, a concept, often referred to by science fiction writers as hyperspace, that refers to the four-dimensional space-time of special relativity - Source
  • Minkowski space
    • In physics and mathematics, Minkowski space or Minkowski spacetime (named after the mathematician Hermann Minkowski) is the mathematical setting in which Einstein's theory of special relativity is most conveniently formulated. In this setting the three ordinary dimensions of space are combined with a single dimension of time to form a four-dimensional manifold for representing a spacetime.
    • In theoretical physics, Minkowski space is often contrasted with Euclidean space. While a Euclidean space has only spacelike dimensions, a Minkowski space also has one timelike dimension. Therefore the symmetry group of a Euclidean space is the Euclidean group and for a Minkowski space it is the Poincaré group. Source
  • Open Source Energy
  • Over Unity (Perpetual Motion)
    • Perpetual motion describes hypothetical machines that operate or produce useful work indefinitely and, more generally, hypothetical machines that produce more work or energy than they consume, whether they might operate indefinitely or not.
    • There is undisputed scientific consensus that perpetual motion would violate either the first law of thermodynamics, the second law of thermodynamics, or both. Machines which comply with both laws of thermodynamics but access energy from obscure sources are sometimes referred to as perpetual motion machines, although they do not meet the standard criteria for the name.
    • Despite the fact that successful perpetual motion devices are physically impossible in terms of our current understanding of the laws of physics, the pursuit of perpetual motion remains popular.
    • Source
  • Scalar Energy
    • In theoretical physics, scalar field theory can refer to a classical or quantum theory of scalar fields. A field which is invariant under any Lorentz transformation is called a "scalar", in contrast to a vector or tensor field. The quanta of the quantized scalar field are spin-zero particles, and as such are bosons.
    • No fundamental scalar fields have been observed in nature, though the Higgs boson may yet prove the first example. However, scalar fields appear in the effective field theory descriptions of many physical phenomena. An example is the pion, which is actually a "pseudoscalar", which means it is not invariant under parity transformations which invert the spatial directions, distinguishing it from a true scalar, which is parity-invariant. Because of the relative simplicity of the mathematics involved, scalar fields are often the first field introduced to a student of classical or quantum field theory.
    • Source
  • Zero Point Energy
    • Zero-point energy is the lowest possible energy that a quantum mechanical physical system may have; it is the energy of its ground state. All quantum mechanical systems undergo fluctuations even in their ground state and have an associated zero-point energy, a consequence of the position and momentum operators not commuting with each other.
    • The concept of zero-point energy was developed in Germany by Albert Einstein and Otto Stern in 1913, using a formula developed by Max Planck in 1900. The term zero-point energy originates from the German Nullpunktsenergie. -  Source


Alexander V. Frolov: Other Papers and Letters


M.A. Padmanabha Rao: Physics Papers of Note